Multi-protein complexes are involved in essentially all cellular processes. A protein’s function relies on not only its own physio-chemical properties, but also the interaction status with its partners, and the characteristics of them. Due to the absence of cofactors or post-translational modifications, heterologous protein expression in prokaryote sometimes leads to the yield of insoluble and nonfunctional products. Many protein complexes require co-expression with their native partners in the host cells for proper folding, stability, and activity. Protein co-expression has led to the production of a variety of biological active complexes in sufficient quantities for biochemical, biophysical, structural studies, and high throughput screens.
Profacgen has investigated the use of E. coli co-expression techniques in protein manufacturing, and tried to extend from the common binary expression to the more complicated multi-expression. Results from various case studies have indicated co-expression in E. coli host to be a good alternative compared to endogenous purification or in vitro reconstruction from individually expressed components. It is also proved that co-expression of multiple proteins/complexes a useful alternative to the complicated and expensive expression systems, such as yeast, baculovirus or mammalian cell culture.
Different strategies of co-expression services provided by Profacgen:
In addition, Profacgen can also assist the scientists with protein co-expression network analysis, a powerful approach to identify the tissues and the conditions in which important interactions occur. By integrating the co-expression data with a protein interaction network, the scientists will be able to determine the cellular conditions and tissue specificity of protein interaction network of human proteins.
M. Cristina Vega. Advanced Technologies for Protein Complex Production and Characterization. ISBN: 978-3-319-27214-6. Edition of 2016